800px-Marinera trujillo
Total population
est. 31 million
Regions with significant populations
Download Peru 30,135,875 [1]
United States United States 566,541 [2]
Canada Canada 10,000 - 19,000 [3]

Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, other indigenous languages of Peru,


Predominantly Roman Catholicism, a minority practicing Protestantism, traditional folk practices

Related ethnic groups

other Latin Americans and native groups in Latin America

Peruvians (Spanish: peruvanos) are the inhabitants and citizens of Peru who identify themselves with Peruvian culture and identity or anyone descended from the native or mestizo groups in Peru. The Peruvians belong to the larger "Hispanic" or "Latino" pan-ethnic group, a collection of ethnicities and nationalities that speak Spanish and follow a culture that contains any type of influence from Spain. Peruvian culture is primarily rooted in Amerindian and Spanish traditions, though it has also been influenced by various African, Asian, and European ethnic groups.


The terms Peru and Peruvian came from Biru, who was a local ruler in Panama, the southernmost part of the world known to the Spanish. Biru was visited by Spanish explorers in 1522, and they called the lands found south of his Biru or Peru.'. Natives of the country were known as indios in the Spanish caste system. People of pure Spanish descent were known as criollos and those of mixed Spanish and native origin were mestizos.



Peru’s constitution provides for freedom of religion. More than four-fifths of Peruvians are Roman Catholic; with others being Protestants, other Christians, and followers of traditional beliefs form small religious minorities.

Ancient Peru had various polytheistic and pantheistic religions. The most important gods were Viracocha (lord, creator, and father of men) and Pachamama (Earth mother). The Sun, Moon, and such phenomena as lightning and mountains were also worshipped. Each culture raised temples to honour its local divinity.

The Hispanic conquest of the Incas brought new religious traditions to the Andean area.


Peru is an indigenously multilingual nation. Peruvians speak Spanish as a lingua franca, which belongs to the Italic (sometimes known as Latin Romantic) family of the Indo-European group and is native to the Castile region in Spain which is known as español in the Spanish language. It is an official language in Peru. However, most Peruvians and South Americans refer to it as castellano (Castilian) and is officially registered as castellano in some documents. In the regions where they are predominant or native Quechua, Aymara and other aboriginal languages also have official status, according to Article 48 of Peru's constitution as well as numerous Amazonian languages, such as Urarina. The Quechua language is the most spoken indigenous language of the Americas.

Art and Architecture (if possible)Edit

Art (if possible)Edit

Music (if possible)Edit

The music of Peru is an amalgamation of sounds and styles drawing on Peru's Andean, Spanish, and African roots. Andean influences can perhaps be best heard in wind instruments and the shape of the melodies, while the African influences can be heard in the rhythm and percussion instruments, and European influences can be heard in the harmonies and stringed instruments. Pre-Columbian Andean music was played on drums and wind instruments, not unlike the European pipe and tabor tradition. Andean tritonic and pentatonic scales were elaborated during the colonial period into hexatonic, and in some cases, diatonic scales.

Architecture (if possible)Edit


Footnotes and CitesEdit