Basque Guadenbat creditNicoleGarci-Aguirre
The Basque people (Basque: euskaldunak, Spanish: vascos, French: basques) are en ethnic group native to Spain and France. The Basque people are one of Europe's earliest peoples, the Basque language is one of the oldest surviving languages. Basques are a conservative ethnic group who do not identify themselves with Spanish and French people.

Origin and HistoryEdit

The Basque people, are unrelated to any Indo-European groups of people. They are the descendants of Europe's earliest settlers. The Basque people had settled in western Europe long before any Indo-European languages even developed. The Basques were several fuedal empires in what is now Spain and France. Sancho III, was a Basque ruler who formed the Kingdom of Pamplona. In the late Middle Ages, the Basques once more became fighting groups of people between wealthy families. After the Middle Ages, the Basque population fell within the borders of Spain and France.

By CountryEdit

Most of the Basque population lives in Spain, in Navarre. The Basque people live in a unified Basque-speaking region called Basque Country which spans Spain and France. There are 2,359,400 ethnic Basques living in Spain.[1] Most of them live in Biscay. In France, there are 230,200 ethnic Basques living in the country and most of them live in Labourd. Argentina and Chile have significant populations of Spanish ancestry, they include the Basques from Spain. Argentina has about 3,000,000 Basques and Chile also has about 3,000,000 ethnic Basques living in the country or simply people of Basque ancestry.[2][3] In Cuba, there are about 1,500,000 Cubans of Basque ancestry.[4]


Basque people speak a language that is totally unrelated to any Indo-European language. They speak the Basque language. Unlike Galician, Catalan, Spanish or any of the other languages spoken in Spain, the Basque language is not part of the Italic Romance or any language family known today. The Basque language is said to be one of Europe's oldest and still surviving languages. This indicates that the Basque people are one of Europe's earliest, and settled the western part of the continent long before any of the Indo-European languages even developed. The Basque language is regulated from the Royal Academy of the Basque Language. The academy's job is protect the language from becomign extinct or influenced by outside influences. Castilian (Spanish) and French (for those coming from southern France) are also spoken by Basque people as second languages.

Religion and CuisineEdit

Almost all of Spain and France's population are Roman Catholics. Consequently


, the Basque people are Roman Catholics as well. Basque people are also hard church-goers. Basque cuisine is part of a larger category known as Spanish cuisine. Basques grill fish and meat over hot coal. Marmitako is a fish-tuna stew eaten by Basque people. This can also be spider crabs. Pintxos are the Basque version of pinchos. These are snacks that served in bars often. Potato and capsicum are staple ingredients in Basque cuisine. Basque people have a unique style of eating. Basque-style restaurants are called cider houses, these are Basque restaurants built on hills. Cider is poured from a height onto visitors' glasses. Basques eat a cherry soup called gerezi beltza arno gorriakin which can be eaten hot or cold. It can be topped with whipped cream or ice cream. Basque chefs come to together in closed-gatherings called txokos.


  1. ^ [[|a]] [[|b]] [[|c]] [[|d]] IV. Inkesta Soziolinguistikoa Gobierno Vasco, Servicio Central de Publicaciones del Gobierno Vasco 2008, [[|ISBN 978-84-457-2775-1]]